[The modular MML revision system in knee revision and tumor arthroplasty]
Wissenschaftlicher Artikel/Review - 01.09.2006
Gerdesmeyer L, Toepfer Andreas, Kircher J, Grundei H, Diehl P
Increasing age and a higher level of mobility lead to an increasing incidence in revision arthroplasty after total knee replacement and tumor surgery. So far, the reconstruction of large defects in bony and soft tissue environments can be accomplished by the modern modular components of revision implants. The consecutive reconstruction of the extensor mechanism in extended revision has its own drawbacks and is often associated with significant functional limitations for the patient. Specially designed implants and methods are required to generate good functional results. The modular knee revision system MML provides specific modifications of the tibial component for reconstruction of the extensor mechanism. Combined with artificial strips, an excellent functional outcome could be achieved. In this study, 70 patients were operated with the MML endoprosthesis in knee revision or tumor surgery. An excellent functional outcome could be determined. At 7 years after surgery, an average of 32+/-13 points was achieved on the Oxford Knee Score. The outcome measurement using the functional scoring system of the American Knee Society (AKS score) showed similarly good results with 71+/-25 points out of 100. A minor deficit of only 2 degrees in active extension could be observed after reconstruction of the extensor mechanism. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that the MML modular revision system is appropriate for reconstruction of segmental bone defects.