Publikation

Referral for cardiac rehabilitation after acute myocardial infarction: Insights from nationwide AMIS Plus registry 2005-2017

Wissenschaftlicher Artikel/Review - 15.06.2018

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Zitation
Hermann M, Witassek F, Erne P, Radovanovic D, Rickli H. Referral for cardiac rehabilitation after acute myocardial infarction: Insights from nationwide AMIS Plus registry 2005-2017. Int J Cardiol 2018; 261:1-5.
Projekt
Art
Wissenschaftlicher Artikel/Review (Englisch)
Zeitschrift
Int J Cardiol 2018; 261
Veröffentlichungsdatum
15.06.2018
ISSN (Druck)
eISSN (Online)
1874-1754
Seiten
1-5
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Kurzbeschreibung/Zielsetzung

BACKGROUND
Referral rates for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are low despite a Class I recommendation in the present guidelines. Therefore, we aimed to identify predictors for referral and patient characteristics from the national Swiss AMIS Plus registry.

DESIGN AND METHODS
Data were extracted from the Swiss AMIS Plus registry between 2005 and 2017, which included patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). For 32,416 patient (93.2%) data about destination at discharge were available with 10,940 (33.7%) having a recommendation for CR while 12,282 (37.9%) went home. 9194 (28.4%) were transferred to another hospital after index hospitalisation and were excluded.

RESULTS
Patients referred to CR were younger (62.6 vs. 68.2 years) and had a higher prevalence of obesity (22.0% vs. 20.4%). Except for smoking (44.0% vs 34.9%), they had less risk factors such as dyslipidemia (55.0% vs. 60.1%), hypertension (55.6% vs. 65.3%) and diabetes (16.7% vs. 21.5%). Patients with in-hospital complications were more likely being referred for CR. Furthermore, STEMI (OR 1.61; CI 1.52-1.71), performed PCI (OR 2.65; CI 2.42-2.90) and Killip class >2 (OR 1.58; CI 1.36-1.84) favoured referral for CR, while age > 65 years, previous myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular disease or peripheral artery disease had a negative impact on referral for CR.

CONCLUSIONS
Our data from 23,222 patients after AMI demonstrate that in Switzerland patients referred for CR are younger, more obese with more STEMI. In-hospital complications were strong predictors for CR recommendation. Unlike anticipated, other risk factors were less present in CR patients.