Remodeling of light and dark zone follicular dendritic cells governs germinal center responses
Journal Paper/Review - May 18, 2020
Pikor Natalia, Onder Lucas, Linterman Michelle A, Nagasawa Takashi, Nombela-Arrieta César, Cheng Hung-Wei, Novkovic Mario, Perez Shibayama Christian, Gil Cruz Cristina, Lütge Mechthild, Mörbe Urs, Ludewig Burkhard
Efficient generation of germinal center (GC) responses requires directed movement of B cells between distinct microenvironments underpinned by specialized B cell-interacting reticular cells (BRCs). How BRCs are reprogrammed to cater to the developing GC remains unclear, and studying this process is largely hindered by incomplete resolution of the cellular composition of the B cell follicle. Here we used genetic targeting of Cxcl13-expressing cells to define the molecular identity of the BRC landscape. Single-cell transcriptomic analysis revealed that BRC subset specification was predetermined in the primary B cell follicle. Further topological remodeling of light and dark zone follicular dendritic cells required CXCL12-dependent crosstalk with B cells and dictated GC output by retaining B cells in the follicle and steering their interaction with follicular helper T cells. Together, our results reveal that poised BRC-defined microenvironments establish a feed-forward system that determines the efficacy of the GC reaction.