Publication

Longitudinal change of COPD assessment test (CAT) in a telehealthcare cohort is associated with exacerbation risk

Journal Paper/Review - Oct 24, 2017

Units
Keywords
PubMed
Doi
Link
Contact

Citation
Rassouli F, Baty F, Stolz D, Albrich W, Tamm M, Widmer S, Brutsche M. Longitudinal change of COPD assessment test (CAT) in a telehealthcare cohort is associated with exacerbation risk. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2017; 12:3103-3109.
Project
Type
Journal Paper/Review (English)
Journal
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2017; 12
Publication Date
Oct 24, 2017
Issn Print
Issn Electronic
1178-2005
Pages
3103-3109
Publisher
Brief description/objective

Background
There are only scarce data regarding the evolution of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) assessment test (CAT) over time. Our aim was to investigate the evolution of the CAT in a telehealthcare (THC) cohort and to evaluate its potential to predict exacerbations.

Patients and methods
The CAT was measured weekly over up to 1 year in 40 COPD patients undergoing a THC intervention. The evolution of the CAT was analyzed using linear regression. The association between this evolution and the occurrence of exacerbations was evaluated using the Andersen-Gill formulation of the Cox proportional hazards model for the analysis of recurrent time-to-event data with time-varying predictors.

Results
The median CAT at inclusion was 17 (interquartile range 13-22) points. During the study, 25% of patients had a significant negative slope (median -7 points per year [ppy]), 38% were stable (median +0 ppy) and 38% had a significant positive slope (median +6 ppy). The median slope of the CAT in the overall cohort was +1 (interquartile range -3 to +6) ppy. A significant positive association was found between the change in CAT scores and the risk of exacerbations (hazard ratio =1.08, 95% CI: 1.03-1.13; p<0.001). There was an 8% increase of the risk of exacerbation per unit increase in CAT. We detected a significant learning effect in filling out the CAT in 18.4% of patients with a median learning phase of five filled questionnaires.

Conclusion
Sixty-three percent of the COPD patients monitored by THC experienced a stable or improved CAT during 1-year follow-up. We found a significant positive association between the evolution of the CAT over time and the risk of exacerbations. In about one-fifth of patients, there was a significant learning effect in filling out the CAT, before reliable results could be obtained. The evolution of the CAT could help to assess the risk for future exacerbations.