Kinematic analysis of relative motion within the proximal carpal row
Journal Paper/Review - Oct 1, 1993
Sennwald G R, Zdravkovic Vilijam, Jacob H A, Kern H P
The motions of the scaphoid and triquetrum relative to the lunate have been studied on cadaver specimens. The helical axis concept was applied. The wrist motions performed were flexion-extension and radial-ulnar deviation. The results showed increased relative motion of the scaphoid towards terminal extension, and to a lesser amount in the case of the triquetrum, towards terminal flexion. The lunate might be considered as a keystone in the proximal carpal row when wrist stability is considered. It is doubly intercalated: longitudinally and transversely. Wrist ligaments co-ordinate the positioning of the bones in the mid-range of carpal motions, and restrict further motion in extreme positions of the wrist joint.