Prognostic significance of histology after resection of brain metastases and whole brain radiotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
Journal Paper/Review - Jan 28, 2015
Putora Paul Martin, ess silvia, Panje Cédric, Hundsberger Thomas, van Leyen Karin, Plasswilm Ludwig, Früh Martin
Brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are associated with a poor prognosis. In selected cases, surgical resection of brain metastases may be indicated, but the identification of patients suitable for surgery remains difficult. We collected data on patient and tumour characteristics known or suspected to be associated with survival by chart review. Data was merged with available data from the local cancer registry. We identified 64 NSCLC patients with resected brain metastases. Median overall survival after resection was 9.1 months with only two patients (3%) surviving more than 71 and 80 months. One and 2-year survival were 42 and 12.5%. Median survival for males and patients with more comorbidities was shorter (8 vs. 10 months [p = 0.11] and 6 vs. 9 months [p = 0.06]). Patients with squamous cell carcinomas (33% of the patients) had a significantly worse survival than patients with other histologies (7 vs. 10 months [p = 0.02]) with no patient living longer than 2 years. Squamous cell histology was associated with worse prognosis after resection of brain metastases in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Histology, among other parameters, may also be taken into account when choosing the appropriate patients for resection of brain metastases.