Publication

Advanced modelled iterative reconstruction for abdominal CT: qualitative and quantitative evaluation

Journal Paper/Review - Sep 18, 2014

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Citation
Gordic S, Desbiolles L, Stolzmann P, Gantner L, Leschka S, Husarik D, Alkadhi H. Advanced modelled iterative reconstruction for abdominal CT: qualitative and quantitative evaluation. Clin Radiol 2014; 69:e497-504.
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Type
Journal Paper/Review (English)
Journal
Clin Radiol 2014; 69
Publication Date
Sep 18, 2014
Issn Print
Issn Electronic
1365-229X
Pages
e497-504
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Brief description/objective

AIM
To determine qualitative and quantitative image-quality parameters in abdominal imaging using advanced modelled iterative reconstruction (ADMIRE) with third-generation dual-source 192 section CT.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Forty patients undergoing abdominal portal-venous CT at different tube voltage levels (90, 100, 110, and 120 kVp, n = 10 each) and 10 consecutive patients undergoing abdominal non-enhanced low-dose CT (100 kVp, 60 mAs) using a third-generation dual-source 192 section CT machine in the single-source mode were included. Images were reconstructed with filtered back projection (FBP) and ADMIRE (strength levels 1-5). Two blinded, independent readers subjectively determined image noise, artefacts, visibility of small structures, and image contrast, and measured attenuation in the liver, spleen, kidney, muscle, fat, and urinary bladder, and objective image noise.

RESULTS
Subjective noise was significantly lower and image contrast significantly higher for each increasing ADMIRE strength level and also for ADMIRE 1 compared to FBP (all, p < 0.001). No significant differences were found for artefact and visibility ratings among image sets (all, p > 0.05). Attenuation was similar across tube voltage-image datasets in all anatomical regions (all, p > 0.05). Objective noise was significantly lower for each increasing ADMIRE strength level, and for ADMIRE 1 compared to FBP (all, p < 0.001, maximal reduction 53%). Independent predictors of noise were tube voltage (p < 0.05) and current (p < 0.001), diameter (p < 0.05), and reconstruction algorithm (p<0.001); the amount of noise reduction was related only to the reconstruction algorithm (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION
Abdominal CT using ADMIRE results in an improved image quality with lower image noise as compared with FBP, while the attenuation of various anatomical regions remains constant among reconstruction algorithms.