Comparison of extraction efficiencies and LC-MS-MS matrix effects using LLE and SPE methods for 19 antipsychotics in human blood
Journal Paper/Review - Nov 11, 2008
Saar Eva, Gerostamoulos Dimitri, Drummer Olaf H, Beyer Jochen
Antipsychotic drugs are frequently associated with sudden death investigations. Detection of these drugs is necessary to establish their use and possible contribution to the death. LC-MS(MS) methods are common; however accurate and precise quantification is assured by using validated methods. This study compared extraction efficiency and matrix effects using common liquid-liquid and solid-phase extraction procedures in both ante-mortem and post-mortem specimen using LC-MS-MS. Extraction efficiencies and matrix effects were determined in five different blank blood specimens of each blood type. The samples were extracted using a number of different liquid-liquid extraction methods and compared with a standard mixed-mode solid-phase extraction method. Matrix effects were determined using a post-extraction addition approach-the blank blood specimens were extracted as described above and the extracts were reconstituted in mobile phase containing a known amount of analytes. The extraction comparison of ante-mortem and post-mortem blood showed considerable differences, in particular the extraction efficiency was quite different between ante-mortem and post-mortem blood. Quantitative methods used for determination of antipsychotic drugs in post-mortem blood should establish that there are no differences in extraction efficiency and matrix effects, particularly if using ante-mortem blood as calibrator.