Low-dose CT and cardiac MR for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease: accuracy of single and combined approaches
Journal Paper/Review - Feb 10, 2010
Scheffel Hans, Marincek Borut, Wyss Christophe, Boesiger Peter, Falk Volkmar, Kozerke Sebastian, Leschka Sebastian, Desbiolles Lotus, Baumueller Stephan, Plass André, Azemaj Naim, Alkadhi Hatem, Stolzmann Paul, Donati Olivio F
To prospectively compare the diagnostic performance of low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and combinations thereof for the diagnosis of significant coronary stenoses. Forty-three consecutive patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease underwent catheter coronary angiography (CA), dual-source CTCA with prospective electrocardiography-gating, and cardiac CMR (1.5 Tesla). The following tests were analyzed: (1) low-dose CTCA, (2) adenosine stress-rest perfusion-CMR, (3) late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), (4) perfusion-CMR and LGE, (5) low-dose CTCA combined with perfusion-CMR, (5) low-dose CTCA combined with late gadolinium-enhancement, (6) low-dose CTCA combined with perfusion-CMR and LGE. CA served as the standard of reference. CA revealed >50% diameter stenoses in 68/129 (57.7%) coronary arteries in 29/43 (70%) patients. In the patient-based analysis, sensitivity, specificity, NPV and PPV of low-dose CTCA for the detection of significant stenoses were 100, 92.9, 100 and 96.7%, respectively. For perfusion-CMR and LGE, sensitivity, specificity, NPV, PPV, and accuracy were 89.7, 100, 82.4, and 100%, respectively. In the artery-based analysis, sensitivity and NPV of low-dose CTCA was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that of perfusion-CMR and LGE. All combinations of low-dose CTCA and perfusion-CMR and/or LGE did not improve the diagnostic performance when compared to low-dose CTCA alone. Taking CA as standard of reference, low-dose CTCA outperforms CMR with regard to sensitivity and NPV, whereas CMR is more specific and has a higher PPV than low-dose CTCA.