Convolutional Neural Networks to Detect Vestibular Schwannomas on Single MRI Slices: A Feasibility Study
Journal Paper/Review - Apr 20, 2022
Koechli Carole, Muacevic Alexander, Zwahlen Daniel R, Förster Robert, Schröder Christina, Fürweger Christoph, Ehret Felix, Putora Paul Martin, Fischer Tim, Näf Lukas, Sager Philipp, Vu Erwin, Windisch Paul
In this study. we aimed to detect vestibular schwannomas (VSs) in individual magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) slices by using a 2D-CNN. A pretrained CNN (ResNet-34) was retrained and internally validated using contrast-enhanced T1-weighted (T1c) MRI slices from one institution. In a second step, the model was externally validated using T1c- and T1-weighted (T1) slices from a different institution. As a substitute, bisected slices were used with and without tumors originating from whole transversal slices that contained part of the unilateral VS. The model predictions were assessed based on the categorical accuracy and confusion matrices. A total of 539, 94, and 74 patients were included for training, internal validation, and external T1c validation, respectively. This resulted in an accuracy of 0.949 (95% CI 0.935-0.963) for the internal validation and 0.912 (95% CI 0.866-0.958) for the external T1c validation. We suggest that 2D-CNNs might be a promising alternative to 2.5-/3D-CNNs for certain tasks thanks to the decreased demand for computational power and the fact that there is no need for segmentations. However, further research is needed on the difference between 2D-CNNs and more complex architectures.