Publication

Optic Disc Features in Familial Retinal Arteriolar Tortuosity

Journal Paper/Review - Apr 14, 2021

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Citation
Sinner V, Heckmann J, Sturm V, Valmaggia C, Todorova M. Optic Disc Features in Familial Retinal Arteriolar Tortuosity. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2021; 238:410-413.
Project
Type
Journal Paper/Review (English)
Journal
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2021; 238
Publication Date
Apr 14, 2021
Issn Print
Issn Electronic
1439-3999
Pages
410-413
Publisher
Brief description/objective

PURPOSE
Describing optic disc appearance in familial retinal arteriolar tortuosity (fRAT) using multimodal imaging and raising awareness of peripapillary arterial changes due to this disorder.

METHODS
A cross-sectional study was performed in four consecutive patients of two non-related families. Detailed ophthalmological examination was performed and supported by medical and family history and multimodal imaging.

RESULTS
In all subjects, increased tortuosity of second- and third-order retinal arteries in superior and deeper vascular plexus was documented. Furthermore, tortuosity in the peripapillary circle of Zinn-Haller was found. In addition, retinal vessel oximetry confirmed tortuosity only of the arterial vessels.

CONCLUSION
The present data suggests that a blurry bordered, hyperemic optic disc in the presence of abnormally tortuous arteriolar vessels and asymptomatically or oligosymptomatically spontaneously resolved hemorrhages could be associated with a fRAT. This finding could be linked to peripapillary arterial vessel tortuosity.