Resection of isolated brain metastases in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients - evaluation of outcome and prognostic factors: A retrospective multicenter study
Journal Paper/Review - Jun 28, 2021
Fuchs Julia, Früh Martin, Papachristofilou Alexandros, Bubendorf Lukas, Häuptle Pirmin, Jost Lorenz, Zippelius Alfred, Rothschild Sacha I
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Brain metastases occur in about 30% of all patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In selected patients, long-term survival can be achieved by resection of brain metastases. In this retrospective study, we investigate the prognosis of NSCLC patients with resected brain metastases and possible prognostic factors.
In 119 patients with NSCLC and resected brain metastases, we report the following parameters: extent of resection, resection status, postoperative complications and overall survival (OS). We used the log-rank test to compare unadjusted survival probabilities and multivariable Cox regression to investigate potential prognostic factors with respect to OS.
A total of 146 brain metastases were resected in 119 patients. The median survival was 18.0 months. Postoperative cerebral radiotherapy was performed in 86% of patients. Patients with postoperative radiotherapy had significantly longer survival (median OS 20.2 vs. 9.0 months, p = 0.002). The presence of multiple brain metastases was a negative prognostic factor (median OS 13.5 vs. 19.5 months, p = 0.006). Survival of patients with extracerebral metastases of NSCLC was significantly shorter than in patients who had exclusively brain metastases (median OS 14.0 vs. 23.1 months, p = 0.005). Both of the latter factors were independent prognostic factors for worse outcome in multivariate analysis.
Based on these data, resection of solitary brain metastases in patients with NSCLC and controlled extracerebral tumor disease is safe and leads to an overall favorable outcome. Postoperative radiotherapy is recommended to improve prognosis.