Adenovirus vector vaccination reprograms pulmonary fibroblastic niches to support protective inflating memory CD8 T cells
Journal Paper/Review - Jul 15, 2021
Cupovic Jovana, Klenerman Paul, Engeler Daniel, Krebs Philippe, Scandella Elke, Oxenius Annette, Flatz Lukas, Provine Nicholas M, De Martin Angelina, Cheng Hung-Wei, Lütge Mechthild, Colston Julia M, Onder Lucas, Ring Sandra, Ludewig Burkhard
Pathogens and vaccines that produce persisting antigens can generate expanded pools of effector memory CD8 T cells, described as memory inflation. While properties of inflating memory CD8 T cells have been characterized, the specific cell types and tissue factors responsible for their maintenance remain elusive. Here, we show that clinically applied adenovirus vectors preferentially target fibroblastic stromal cells in cultured human tissues. Moreover, we used cell-type-specific antigen targeting to define critical cells and molecules that sustain long-term antigen presentation and T cell activity after adenovirus vector immunization in mice. While antigen targeting to myeloid cells was insufficient to activate antigen-specific CD8 T cells, genetic activation of antigen expression in Ccl19-cre-expressing fibroblastic stromal cells induced inflating CD8 T cells. Local ablation of vector-targeted cells revealed that lung fibroblasts support the protective function and metabolic fitness of inflating memory CD8 T cells in an interleukin (IL)-33-dependent manner. Collectively, these data define a critical fibroblastic niche that underpins robust protective immunity operating in a clinically important vaccine platform.