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Development and Immunological Function of Lymph Node Stromal Cells

Journal Paper/Review - Jan 15, 2021

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Citation
Pikor N, Cheng H, Onder L, Ludewig B. Development and Immunological Function of Lymph Node Stromal Cells. J Immunol 2021; 206:257-263.
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Journal Paper/Review (English)
Journal
J Immunol 2021; 206
Publication Date
Jan 15, 2021
Issn Print
Issn Electronic
1550-6606
Pages
257-263
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Brief description/objective

Stromal cells have for a long time been viewed as structural cells that support distinct compartments within lymphoid tissues and little more. Instead, an active cross-talk between endothelial and fibroblastic stromal cells drives the maturation of lymphoid niches, a relationship that is recapitulated during lymph node organogenesis, steady-state conditions, and following inflammation. In this review, we go over recent advances in genetic models and high-resolution transcriptomic analyses that have propelled the finer resolution of the stromal cell infrastructure of lymph nodes, revealing that the distinct subsets are strategically positioned to deliver a catered mixture of niche factors to interacting immune cell populations. Moreover, we discuss how changes in the activation state of poised stromal cell-underpinned niches rather than on-demand differentiation of new stromal cell subsets govern the efficient interaction of Ag, APC, and cognate B and T lymphocytes during adaptive immune responses.