Trigeminal endonasal perception - an outcome predictor for septoplasty
Journal Paper/Review - Oct 1, 2020
Bischoff Sabrina, Poletti S C, Kunz S, Kiessling Si-Young, Hinder D, Dreher A, Akdis C A, Soyka M B
No adequate test exists to predict outcome after septoplasty. Despite adequate surgery, patients still might experience nasal breathing impairment. The aim of this study was to determine if pre-operative trigeminal sensitivity can predict satisfaction after septoplasty.
Single centre prospective cohort study in tertiary referral centre with follow-up time of 6 weeks postoperatively. Patients scheduled for septoplasty or septorhinoplasty with turbinoplasty were consecutively selected the day before surgery. Standard preoperative examinations (acoustic rhinometry and Sniffinâ€™ Sticks 12 test), the evaluation of nasal obstruction on a visual analogue scale (VAS) and the trigeminal lateralisation task were performed before and 6 weeks after surgery. Biopsies were taken during surgery and TRPV1 mRNA expression was measured by PCR.
Thirty patients were included with a median age of 29 years and equal gender distribution. Trigeminal perception and sensation of nasal obstruction showed a significant correlation: preoperative lateralisation test scores, representing endonasal trigeminal sensitivity, correlated significantly with the mean VAS change scores, which demonstrate subjective improvement. A lateralisation test score of 31.5 and more had a sensitivity of 88% to predict an improvement of more than 3 VAS points. Additionally, high TRPV1 mRNA expression was linked with good postoperative VAS scores.
The preoperative evaluation of the trigeminal sensitivity could improve patientsâ€™ selection for septoplasty with a higher rate of satisfaction. Endonasal trigeminal sensitivity is directly linked with subjective outcome. Therefore, patients with low trigeminal sensitivity should undergo septoplasty only after thorough counselling.