Endotypes of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps with and without NSAID â€" intolerance
Journal Paper/Review - Dec 1, 2020
Steiner U C, Bischoff Sabrina, Valaperti A, Ikenberg K, Starzyk J, Bucher S, Bachmann L M, Soyka M B
Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a type 2-dominated inflammatory disease of the upper air- ways. A subgroup of patients with CRSwNP suffer from intolerance to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and develop NSAID-exacerbated respiratory disease (NERD). The aim of the study was to compare the cytokine based inflammatory endotype of nasal secretions of CRSwNP patients with and without NSAID intolerance.
Nasal secretions were collected from twenty-six patients suffering from CRSwNP, thirteen with NERD and thirteen without NSAID intolerance. As control, nasal secretions were collected from fifteen healthy donors. Tryptase and ten human cyto- kines were analyzed: interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-17A, IL-23, IFN-g, and TNF-a by a cytokine multiple array on a Luminex 200 platform.
Grade of polyposis and frequency of polyp surgery was more severe in NERD- compared to non-NERD patients. IL-6 and IL-5 in CRSwNP was significantly increased compared to healthy participants. IL-5 and IL-13 were significantly increased in subjects suffering from NERD compared to CRSwNP patients without NERD.
We identified IL-13 as a possible specific biomarker in nasal secretions of patients with NERD, which allows us to differentiate between CRSwNP with vs. without NERD. The characterization of inflammatory endotypes in CRSwNP enables the introduction of the best available therapy in the context of precision medicine.